Educational Requirements 3-21
IDEA Part B
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEIA or IDEA) Part B is the federal law that outlines "Assistance for Education of All Children with Disabilities".
- What Parents Need to Know and Who to Call
- IDEA and Deaf and Hard of Hearing Students Cogswell Bill History & Update
- Special Education Law: A New IDEA for Students Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing
- Article - Eligibility Survival Kit
IEPs (Individual Education Program) and ARD (Admission, Review, and Dismissal) Meetings
An Individual Education Program (IEP) is developed and reviewed on an annual basis for every student who receives special education services. The IEP team consists of parents, educators, administrators, diagnosticians, and other people who have knowledge about the student and their disability. In Texas the IEP meeting is also called an Admission, Review and Dismissal (ARD) process. Annual IEP/ARD meetings are required and specific guidelines must be followed.
- IDEA: The Manual for Parents and Students About Special Education Services in Texas 2016 - from The Arc of Texas and Disability Rights Texas
- A Guide to the Admission, Review, and Dismissal Process - from the Texas Education Agency (TEA)
- Individual Education Plan (IEP) Process - Step By Step
- Notice of Procedural Safeguards - an explanation of parental rights from the Texas Education Agency (TEA)
- Legal Framework
- Family to Family Parent Resources
- 2016 Graduation Toolkit for General Education
- Graduation Guide for Students Who Receive Special Education Services
- Deaf and Hard of Hearing Transition Resources for Texas
Determining Annual Student Progress, Communication Needs, and Goals
The current method in Texas for determining school/student performance/progress is through the administration of the State of Texas Assessments of Academic Readiness (STAAR). NCLB requirements have affected how students in special education are tested. In the past, the IEP/ARD team could agree to test the student using a variety of tests and could also test the student at a grade level different from the enrolled grade level of the student. For instance, a 5th grade student could be tested using a 3rd grade level test. Now, all students must be tested at their enrolled grade level and they must take a version of the STAAR test. Appropriate accommodations must be given to students during TAAR testing.
In addition to the STAAR, other assessments may also be appropriate for a student in special education in order to develop a statement regarding their "Present Level of Academic Achievement and Functional Performance"(PLAAFP), which is required during the student's annual IEP/ARD meeting. IDEA also requires that a deaf or hard of hearing student's language and communication needs must be considered, a communication plan is often helpful to guide the IEP team through this process.
When developing annual academic goals for a student to be included in the IEP/ARD, it is helpful to review the curriculum standards for all students at various grade levels. The Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) outlines the curriculum standards that are used in Texas.
- Overview of PLAAFP
- Communication Plan Example
- Assessment Resources for Students and Parents - from the Texas Education Agency (TEA)
- Article on Assessment of Language Proficiency of DHH Students
Planning services for children requires planning and collaboration. Occasionally, this teamwork and collaboration can also require mediation or other strategies to solve disagreements.
CADRE (The National Center on Dispute Resolution in Special Education) provides state specific resources, national resources, a literature database, and a continuum of interventions for the stages of conflict.
CADRE (The National Center on Dispute Resolution in Special Education) also developed "Working Together" - a collection of resources created to facilitate the collaboration between parents, schools, and early childhood programs. This collection includes short videos, a study guide, and related resources categorized by "Listening," "Positions & Interests," and "A Tale of Two Conversations."